Volokolamsk is situated on the north-west of Moscow, 124 km from the capital.
It is one of the ancient city in the Russia. The history of this town is
very rich and concerned with the ancient times.
The first written mention
about the place Volok Lamsky was in 1135. The formation this place concerned
with the trade network, which were joined some Moscow lands with Novgorod such
as Ryazan and Vladimir's land. Trading section was created by the trader from
Novgorod, that's why it took such name as Volok Lamskyi. Having placed a profit
geographical location crossing the river trade routes and also Volozkoyi
land, according this principles Volok Lamsky became the main
economical and strategy centre. Transit of goods and bread were the base of the
economical work between the different lands. For the ownership were cruel fights
between neighbouring lands. With a help of the Tzar Andrei Bogolubov (1160),
this land turned into the real city, here was built the mighty stronghold. But
in 1177 the ownership was change to people from Novgorod, and established there
their propers. It was a disputable question for all lands which wanted to own
tis city. In 1238 and 1293 year Volokolamsk was destroyed by the Tatar-mongole
yoke. It was the siege from the Lithuania, etc.
Volokolamsk finally fastened to Moscow in 1456,originated from that
time Volozkoe Principality with his centre in Volokno. Since the town was built
and grow up.
Volok was of the centre of the Peasant War in 1606, and transmited occupation
and destruction in 1608-1609 . With the growing to the west Volok had lost his
military-strategical position, and the development of the town was stopped.
At the end 1781 year Volokolamsk was chief town of the uyezd, there were not
any industry, exceptionally Flat Industry.
After the revolution 1917-1 928 the town was again grow up and rapidly
developed . Heavy blow delivered from The World War II. The town was occupied by
german soldiers, with a help of russian soldiers (28 Panfilovzy), german army
couldn't take Volokamsk. In the village Nelidovo near Dubosecova was
organised the museum devoted to 28 Panfilovzyi.
After emancipation began its reconstruction in all sphere activities.
Now days, Volokolamsk is one of the successful town Near Moscow. On it
territory flows the river Lama, it is one of the purest river in Near Moscow.
Volokolamsk is the center of the agriculture, but firstly it famed for cultural
heritage. Volokolamsk presents as the original museum of the history, because
there are a lot of the architectural monuments.
The town is
situated on several hills, separated the streams and ravine. On the top of the
hill there is Voskresensk Cathedral. The architectural forms this cathedral date
architecture (1462-1494). Some fragment paintings
retained in the cathedral at the end of theXV century, we can underline
the many-tier of the cathedral bell tower, its height is 75 meters. All citizens
can see it and became sight area. On the east part of Volokolamsk situates The
Church of the blessed Virgin on Vozimische (1535), before in XIII century was
the cloister there. By the west from the Kremlin place the Pokrovskay
Church.(1695) which was decorated in baroque style.
Across 25 km, in the Terayevo village there is the Ensemble of the
Iosiph-Volokolamskyi cloister. The cloister was created in 1479 year by Iosiph
Volozkyi in the XV-XVII century. Here retain the mighty walls with the hipped
towers (XV-XVII century .) and the one column of the refectory chamber with the
Epiphany Church, The Saint gates with the Petropalovsk Church, and also five
domed Uspensky Cathedral, made in Moscow baroque with tiled
In the village Yaropolez about16 km on north-west from Volokamsk, preserved
two manor in classicism style. Here situated The National museum of local lore.
On the south from Volokolamsk in the village Ostashevo places the manor,
belonged to Muraviev, right here were the secret Decabrists's meetings. At the
end of theXIXcentury it became the residence The Great King R.Romanov- the
relative of the last Rassian Tzar Nikolay II, here is The National Museum of
As concerns the monuments of the citizens architecture-
administrative complex in Kremlin, created
empire style in XIXcentury,
non-symmetric building with the elements of Modern (1913) and the houses
characterising the building up of XIX century.