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Volokolamsk Sights

  Volokolamsk Sights

Volokolamsk is situated on the north-west of Moscow, 124 km from the capital. It is one of the ancient  city in the Russia. The history of this town is very rich and concerned with the ancient times.
The first written mention about the place Volok Lamsky was in 1135. The formation this place concerned with the trade network, which were joined some Moscow lands with Novgorod such as Ryazan and Vladimir's land. Trading section was created by the trader from Novgorod, that's why it took such name as Volok Lamskyi. Having placed a profit geographical location crossing the river trade routes and also Volozkoyi  land, according this principles Volok Lamsky  became  the main economical and strategy centre. Transit of goods and bread were the base of the economical work between the different lands. For the ownership were cruel fights between neighbouring lands. With a help of the Tzar Andrei Bogolubov (1160), this land turned into the real city, here was built the mighty stronghold. But in 1177 the ownership was change to people from Novgorod, and established there their propers. It was a disputable question for all lands which wanted to own tis city. In 1238 and 1293 year Volokolamsk was destroyed by the Tatar-mongole yoke. It was the siege from the Lithuania, etc.

Volokolamsk finally fastened to  Moscow in 1456,originated from that time Volozkoe Principality with his centre in Volokno. Since the town was built and grow up.

Volok was of the centre of the Peasant War in 1606, and transmited occupation and destruction in 1608-1609 . With the growing to the west Volok had lost his military-strategical position, and the development of the town was stopped.

At the end 1781 year Volokolamsk was chief town of the uyezd, there were not any industry, exceptionally Flat Industry.

After the revolution 1917-1 928 the town was again grow up and rapidly developed . Heavy blow delivered from The World War II. The town was occupied by german soldiers, with a help of russian soldiers (28 Panfilovzy), german army couldn't take Volokamsk. In the village  Nelidovo near Dubosecova was organised  the museum devoted to 28 Panfilovzyi.

After emancipation began its reconstruction in all sphere activities.

Now days, Volokolamsk is one of the successful town Near Moscow. On it territory flows the river Lama, it is one of the purest river in Near Moscow. Volokolamsk is the center of the agriculture, but firstly it famed for cultural heritage. Volokolamsk presents as the original museum of the history, because there are a lot of the architectural monuments.
The town is situated on several hills, separated the streams and ravine. On the top of the hill there is Voskresensk Cathedral. The architectural forms this cathedral date from early-moscowian
architecture (1462-1494).  Some fragment paintings retained in the cathedral  at the end of theXV century, we can underline the many-tier of the cathedral bell tower, its height is 75 meters. All citizens can see it and became sight area. On the east part of Volokolamsk situates The Church of the blessed Virgin on Vozimische (1535), before in XIII century was the cloister there. By the west from the Kremlin place the Pokrovskay Church.(1695) which was decorated in baroque style.

Across 25 km, in the Terayevo village there is the Ensemble of the Iosiph-Volokolamskyi cloister. The cloister was created in 1479 year by Iosiph Volozkyi in the XV-XVII century. Here retain the mighty walls with the hipped towers (XV-XVII century .) and the one column of the refectory chamber with the Epiphany Church, The Saint gates with the Petropalovsk Church, and also five domed  Uspensky Cathedral, made in Moscow baroque with tiled mills(Peacocked Eye)

In the village Yaropolez about16 km on north-west from Volokamsk, preserved two manor in classicism style. Here situated The National museum of local lore. On the south from Volokolamsk in the village Ostashevo places the manor, belonged to Muraviev, right here were the secret Decabrists's meetings. At the end of theXIXcentury it became the residence The Great King R.Romanov- the relative of the last Rassian Tzar Nikolay II, here is The National Museum of local lore.
As concerns the monuments of the citizens architecture- administrative complex in Kremlin, created
empire style in XIXcentury, non-symmetric building with the elements of Modern (1913) and the houses characterising the building up of XIX century.


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