Vladivostok is a young city, was founded in1860 and is
a terminal point of Trans-Siberian railway. Almost 150 years old is not an age
for the city! But this time was quite enough for bloom of it and turning it into
one of the most interesting and prospective cities of Russia. Nowadays it is a
typical European city, which is situated at the border of the Asia-Pacific
region with the population about 1 million people. The city occupies the whole
southern part of the peninsula Muravjev-Amursky and is washed by waters of
Amursky and Ussuriysky gulf. Within the precincts of the city there are 20
Vladivostok quickly became the important economical and political
center owing to nearness to the highway and the borders with China, Korea and
Japan. Vladivostok is at the turn of the great continent Eurasia and the Great
Pacific Ocean. In this city all is connected with the sea: history, architecture
and industry. Its appearance is determined by commercial and fish maritime
ports; ship repair and shipbuilding play the important role in industry. In the
city there are many museums, 4 theaters, a Philharmonic Society, a picture
gallery, a circus. An interesting sight of the city is its relief, formed by
gulfs and knolls. Here there are several viewing platforms, allowing to admire
panoramas of a day and an evening city. But the most interesting sight of the
city is Vladivistok fortress.
The history of museum “Vladivostok fortress”
Vladivostok is by right was one of the most powerful sea fortresses in the
world. The fortresses, which had been built by force of several generations of
Russian engineers, lost their military role, but they are the most interesting
sights of Vladivostok and its vicinities. Use of fortifications, which have lost
their defensive significance for tourism aims is a worldwide practice. The
preserved fortress constructions, which are located in 400 sq km from
Muravjev-Amursky peninsula and Russky island, are expressive architecturally.
Major of it is situated in the forest park zone of Vladivostok city on the tops
of the mountains and coastal territories.
Most of these constructions have a
branchy system of subways and various tunnel and casemated refuges. All this in
many respects determine their exceptional value for tourist and recreational
Vladivostok acquired status of the city in 1889. By 1916 the fortress
included the system of various defensive constructions (about 130) and the
developed infrastructure which allowed to withstand a siege of much more
superior naval and land forces of the enemy. Existence of the Vladivostok
fortress provided for security of the whole region in conditions of the
difficult international climate and gave an opportunity to carry out
colonization of the Ussurian region under its protection. And availability of
large number of high-educated military engineers made for the rapid development
In the present time the whole complex of fortification constructions of
Vladivostok fortress is a monument of the federal significance. In 1988 Primorye
regional department of Russian public organization “Russian Society of National
Monuments of History and Culture” began restoration of one of the most destroyed
coastal batteries “Besimyannaya” in 30-70-s of XX century. This battery was
prepared by the government to demolition because of its exceptional location in
the center of Vladivostok city. In On October, 30, 1996 in honor of
300-anniversary of the Russian fleet a public museum of history of the
Vladivostok naval fortress, which is entered into the list of the Russian
Federation Museums, was solemnly opened.
The Bezimyannaya battery is one of the oldest fortifications of the
Vladivostok fortress. In 1862 smooth-bores were placed and a platoon of the
mountain artillery was quartered. Since that time the knoll acquired name
“Batareynaya”. In 1880-1882 military engineer captain V.P.Shirokov built a more
powerful coastal battery in this place. It was armed with 9- and 11-inch cannons
of a pattern of 1867. In 1897 – 1900 the battery was rebuilt in the concrete
variant by military engineer captain Yakubovsky. Armament of the battery
consisted of nine 9-inch cannons of a pattern of 1867 and four 57-mm
quick-firers of Nordenfeld. After construction of powerful batteries in Russky
island, armed with modern guns, in 1897 – 1900 Bezimyannaya battery lost its
military significance in many aspects. During the civil war the battery was
desolate and in 1923 disarmed. In 30-s Bezimyannaya battery was partially
demolished and reconstructed into the garages. In the II World War on the knoll
“Batareynaya” there was a battery of the Pacific fleet flak.
Two gun patios
and two casemated traverses on the block of the main caliber and also the
position for 57-mm cannons of Nordenfeld and the pavilion for the range-finder
were annihilated in 70-s.
At the end of 80-s – beginning of 90-s Primorye regional department of
Russian public organization “Russian Society of National Monuments of History
and Culture” began getting the first exhibits for the future museum – a
collection of lime-sand and ceramic brick. Among the important exhibits of the
museum it is worth to mention a collection of military equipment and
artillery-type weapons, were in service with the Vladivostok fortress and
military units of the Pacific Fleet.
The fortifications, which were constructed by labor of several generations of
Russian military engineers during almost 70 years, lost its former military
significance, however they are the most interesting sight of Vladivostok and its
The Catholic church is the unique monument of the architecture of
Vladivostok. Built in 1912-1921 on one of the knolls of the city, it served
believers longer than all other Vladivostok temples – till 1935. Then the
building was passed to the archival office of the Regional Executive Committee,
which later became the State archive of the Primorskye region and a catholic
parish was opened again. In 1992 priests came from the USA: senior priest father
Miron and vicar father Daniil. An organ was brought from America in 1996 – it is
yet the only in Vladivostok. When the archive the building of the church
underwent changes: the prayerful hall was divided by the armoured concrete floor
into three floors, mouldings, mosaic panel were brought down, the façade was
undertaken. Now with the help of the senior priest and vicar wonderful
stained-glass windows have been restored, but there is still much to do, there
is a large restoration project, which financial support of Catholics from the
USA and, certainly, Vladivostok believers and just admirers of the ancient
architecture helps to realize.
Primorye state museum in the name of V.K. Arsenjev
It is the oldest museum of the Far East. Expositions of this museum meet with
the history and nature of this region, also the exhibits «Diverting aquarium»,
«Slavonic house», «Shells and corals of Far Eastern and tropical seas» are
interested. Here you may buy souvenirs from semiprecious stones and from natural
stones. At this museum there is collection facts of life and work researchers of
the region – M.I. Veyu kov, N.I. Przhevalsky and others, materials concerning
the history of the city, archaeological and ethnographical collections.
Primorye state picture gallery
The picture gallery was formed on base of art par of local lore museum in the
name of V. K. Arsenev. The opening was in 1966 year, but collection formation
had begun in 30th years of XX century. Now gallery is the only art museum in the
region, oriented to different ages audience and presenting Russian art in Asian
– Pacific region.
In the center of Vladivostok is placed the only in the Far East of Russia –
Seaside Oceanarium Museum. It was opened in 1991 year. Its exposition devoted to
the nature of Pacific ocean. In four halls with total area about 1300 sq. m. are
placed the diorama «Seal and bird rookery», pinguin groups, albatrosses, coral
reef, sea otter and coelacanth. At the glass cases are presented collections of
sea shells, corals, sponges, fishes and other kind of sea animals. There are
unique exhibits: a skull of Steller's sea cow, embryo of kalan – albino, fishes
and tropical birds, pinguins and many others.
In the big round hall in 13th
aqauriums are placed reservoir dwellers of the Far East, Peter's I gulf,
tropical seas. In the fourth cold water aquariums are dwellers from sea of Japan
and sea of Okhotsk. A part of exposition devoted to decorative fish, which are
placed in autonomous aquariums.
Peace and Love!
I’m a Capuchin monk of the Holy House of Loreto in Marche in the centre of
Through the site www.santafamigliatv.it we
are committed via Internet for the new evangelization.
To this aim, we ask you for one of your film footage. (any format DVD,
VHS, minicassette) you have already realized, so as to include in our
Schedules and our Archives.
The topic could be the presentation of your institute, your busisness
vocation, your missions, ….
The movie will be offered for a year (once a week) and permanently in our
archive always freely available.
In support of this activity religion we ask you for your contribution of
We invite you to know the meantime visitors to our site.
in SS Hearts of Jesus and Mary
P. Giovanni Maria Leonardi
Vlad is the most beautiful city in the Far East and the history of the emplacement Fortresses is most fascinating