Architecture of the TownTver is a town of high-profile architecture art. Architecture ensembles of the regional center and districts, country estates, beautiful churches and cloisters built by Rastrelli, Nikitin, Kazakov, Quarengi, Rossi, Stasov and Lvov who built a lot of ‘palladian’ ensembles all over the Novotorjskiy district, finally realized the architect dream of unsurpassed Italy.
Tver may remind somebody… St.Petersburg: the same trilete avenues in the center as in the Northern Capital. The medieval maze of Old Tver was burned down during the fiercest fire of 1763. A talented architect named Nikitin was assigned the job of rebuilding it. He did not think too long and used the layout of St.Petersburg as the main idea with its three radial avenues. As a result, Tver became the fourth town in the world with a layout like that of Rome, Versailles and St.Petersburg. The last two centuries have not really changed Tver.
Tver KremlinThe local Kremlin is usually the first sight to see for the newcomers. The oldest part of the town is situated at the confluence of the Tmaka and Volga rivers. This is where the Tver Kremlin dominated the surrounding area in the olden times. Unfortunately, time has not spared its buildings. Remains of a ground wall, a timber wall and fortifications can be seen in the Tver midtown. If you look at them you can feel the old grandeur.
White Trinity ChurchThe White Trinity Church of 1564 is another important architecture monument. It is the oldest building in Tver that survived till the present. It is notable that it has never been shut down over its history. The temple has been rebuilt many times since 1564 but it did not lose its monumental splendor. There is a unique iconostasis and murals of the 18th and 19th centuries inside. By the way, there are lots of churches and chapels in the Tver territory and there are even a mosque and a synagogue, and the city is an orthodox center of Russia with century-old traditions.
The architectural ensemble of the 19th century which includes the Trinity Church (1833), the Nikolskaya Church (1882) and the overgate Spasskaya Church (1801) is magnificent. The Nativity Cathedral built by Rossi at the beginning of the 19th century is particularly interesting. The Voskresenskiy Cathedral was built in 1913 in the Byzantium style to celebrate the 300th anniversary of the Romanovs House.
The Nativity Cloister is equally interesting. Only the Nativity Cathedral (1820) and the Voskresenskiy one (1913) remained as well as some living and subsidiary quarters. At the moment the cloister is active, it is a nunnery.
Another notable building is the cathedral built 100 years ago in the modern style of the 20th century.
The Uspenskiy Cathedral is the only building of the Otrochny Cloister that survived over time. The rest was torn down during the construction of the Riverside Station. This is where Maluta Skuratov strangled Moscow metropolitan Filipp in 1569.
Another important built is the Voznesenskiy Cathedral built in the middle of the 18th century. It was rebuilt by architect Lvov.
St. John of Kronsdadt’s Chapel also attracts visitors of the town. It is located at Chaykovskiy Avenue. It is a small architecture pearl framed by modern high rises.
The main museum treasury of the town can be found in the Putevoy Palace where the regional picture gallery and the history and architecture museum are located now. It is one of the biggest and oldest museums of Russia (1866). It has a lots of different exhibits: paintings, engravings, sculptures, furniture and other artifacts of Russia and Western Europe. The oldest exhibits date back to the 14th century. The Putevoy Palace itself is an architecture and history monument. In 1809 through 1812 Great Princess Yekaterina Pavlovna lived there with her spouse Prince Georg Oldenburgskiy who was the governor of several regions at a time. By Rossii’s Project, the palace acquired features of the Empire style as well as fireplaces, gilt chandeliers and furniture, then the building was reconstructed and elements of the Ludovic the 14th style were added. The palace was damaged during the Great Patriotic War and restored later. And up until now it is a decoration of the town.
M.E.Saltykov-Schedrin MuseumThe museum was opened for the 150th anniversary of the satirist writer in the two-storey stone mansion where he lived in 1860 through 1862 while in the tenure as Tver’s governor. Large pictures are main exhibits. They are sort of windows into the life of Russia of the 19th century as well as the contemporary perception of the life and works of M.Saltykov-Schedrin as a writer, an official, public figure who was genuinely concerned about Russia’s destiny.
Tver Everyday Life MuseumThe building which the museum occupies is the only town estate complex typical for old Tver that was preserved intact. It is a unique civil architecture monument of the 17th century Tver.
The ensemble consists of three stone buildings: the main house that has 1.5 storeys and two one-storey houses, the southern outhouse and the eastern one. The estate used to be the property of one of the richest families in Tver, merchants Arefyevs.
The main house and the southern outhouse are architecture monuments of early classicism with decorative fragments of late barocco. The ground floor looks like a pedestal for the entire building. It is tiled with white stone which makes it look slim and solid. The upper part is light and trim. Window platbands are decorated with a very fine garland and small cupid heads.
The main purpose of the museum is to show the every day life of different walks of the Tver region population and applied art of craftspeople and peasants.
The Museum of War Traditions is also interesting. The main exhibits are weapons and armor of the 6th through 16th centuries.
Photo exhibitions and art expositions often take place in the town, usually in Liza Chaykina Museum located at Slava Square and 54 Sovetskaya Street.
The symbol of Tver is the old bridge across the Volga which is 100 years old. Its prototype is in Prague. The strikingly light tracery structure always impresses guests of the town. The bridge was widened during the 1980 reconstruction to the detriment of proportions and style to suit the traffic needs of the city but it did not lose its magnificence.
Monument to Afanasiy NikitinTver has rich and glorious history and something to be really proud of. For example, merchant and traveler Afanasiy Nikitin who was the first European to travel to India in the 15th century. Mr. Nikitin put down all the details of his three-year journey in his itinerary titled Traveling Across Three Seas which survived till the present and what’s more, became a popular book of the Russian literature. The monument situated on Afanasiy Nikitin Embankment actually praises the great historical action of the great Tver traveler. There are other monuments in Tver: the one to A.S.Pushkin, M.E.Satlykov-Schedrin, I.A.Krylov, M.I.Kalinin, the Bow Cross to Mihail Tverskoy at the Town Garden.
Town StreetsThe main street of Tver is called Sovetskaya. It stretches from Revolution Square across the downtown. Nearly all the buildings there are architecture monuments. The architecture ensemble of administrative buildings (the end of the 18th century, architects P.R.Nikitin and M.F.Kazakov) at Lenina Square (former Fontannaya) are especially interesting. Tryohsvyatskaya Street leads to Lenina Square. It is the main tourist street of Tver similar to Moscow Arbat. Like in the capital, local artists sell their works here, there are souvenir stores, several cafes and restaurants. At the beginning of the previous century one of the first tram lines in Tver was laid down along this street. At the moment there is no traffic there but one ancient street-car was kept as a rarity.
Sovetskaya Square is within a few minutes walk from Stepan Razin Embankment which is one of the nicest locations in the town. Old pink and blue two-storey houses with low arches and fine scrolls are still there. They look like a picture from a movie about St.Petersburg of the 19th century. A magnificent view of the Volga and the left-bank neighborhoods opens up from here. Although the downtown of Tver is situated on the right bank, the other side also boasts a lot of architecture monuments. The Uspenskiy Cathedral (1722) of the ancient Otrocha Cloister stands on the cape at the junction of the Tvertsa and the Volga. A colorful building of the river-boat station rose next to it in the 1930s. A tourist attraction on the other bank of the Tvertsa is the slim Yekaterininskaya Church. The wooden mansion (1784) of merchant Arefyev still stands on the left bank of the Volga.
Bernovo EstateOld Tver village called Bernovo is the patrimony of the Wulfs known from the 15th century which is closely associated with the name of A.S.Pushkin. This is where he could meet old friends, have a rest after the fussy capital and work with inspiration during quiet fall months. Today there is a museum of Pushkin in Bernovo, in the Wulfs’ house. It is a unique monument of the Russian estate culture of the classicism era. The house is as refined as back then and harmonizes with the picturesque park which is older than the mansion.
The Bernovo Park is the only live park in the upper part of the Volga which kept its layout, composition, two-level structure (a French park and an English one next to each other) ever since it was laid down at the end of the 18th century.
Many people liked this estate. M.N.Muravyov was there, his sons, future Decembrists Nikita and Alexandr were frolicking in the park, A.P.Kern was brought up by her grandfather. In May 1891 I.I.Levitan was inspired by the landscape. The Bakunins, the Vrevskiys, the Ponafidins, V.D.Bubnov were there too at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th.
Bernovo Pushkin MuseumThe State Literature and Memorial Museum of A.S.Pushkin is the center of the Pushkin Verhnevolje Ring, one of the main tourist routes of the Tver Region.
Pushkin Museum is a unique monument of the Russian culture of the national importance. It is situated at the territory of an old gentry estate, in the former house of the landlords Wulfs (end of the 18th/beginning of the 19th century), a stone two-storey mansion with an attic and facade columns.
The museum exposition shows the history of visiting the Wulfs’ estates by A.Pushkin, introduces the inhabitants of those estates, tells about the rise of the poetic talent (this is where the famous Anchar, Flower, Winter Morning, Letter Novel, parts of Yevgeniy Onegin and other works were written).
While visiting the Pushkin Museum you are going to feel that this location deep in Russia that Pushkin dubbed his Tver Den was as important for the poet as big cities.
Lemeshev Museum in KnyazevoThe museum has five exposition halls where theater costumes, posters, books, photos of S.Ya.Lemeshev are exhibited. Music nights and concerts with rare recordings of S.Lemeshev from the museum fund are held.
Serov Art Memorial Museum in DomotkanovoThe museum of the great Russian artist is located in a one-storey wooden house within the Dervizs’ Estate where Vrubel, Levitan and other artists were too. The estate has a park, pond and picturesque landscape.
Where to EatOne can say that Tver is going to make a nice surprise to your wallet with its prices as well as the nice atmosphere of cafes and restaurants. One of the most popular houses is Kasablanka made in the Latin American style as well as Luzitania, Yakor or Afanasiy. Great cooking and nice flair is guaranteed.
Where to Have FunThe club life of Tver is very diverse. Zdraste! is a club which is particularly popular among Tver youth. It has great sounds, professional light and exclusive coctails. Ot Zakata Do Rassveta is a place where live performances are held and Tver rock groups play. After the club you can go on at the Zebra casino, play poker in Luidor or Troyka. Where to Stay The city offers a wide range of hotels from very cheap ones up to more comfortable ones like the Seliger, the three-star Osnabryuk or the Tver Park Hotel.
The Tver Region is in the very center of Russia, very close to Moscow; however, it leaves an impression of the Russian outback, probably because everything there is genuinely Russian. Many towns there are history monuments themselves. It is a land of lots of lakes and forrests, salubrious springs. There are a lot of words you can say to praise this land but it is best just to visit it.
i need your help to visit my lovely city -tver
I have seen the information . please give the places where i can take the Indian food at reasonable rates. Thank you very much.