The Golden Altai
The Golden Altai
Altai lies in the heart of Asia, almost on the equal distance of three oceans of the Earth – the Arctic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, the Indian Ocean. In translation from ancient Turkic languages the word “Altai” is meant “golden”. This name of place reflects legends of local treasures, which belonged to nomad tribes.
Altai and the republic of Altai is situated on the territory more than 260 sq. m. Distance
From Altai to Moscow is 2,500 km and time difference between Moscow and Altai is three hours/ The center of Altai region is a town Barnaul, as concerns the Altai republic – is the city Gorno-Altaysk. In spite of administrative boundaries, the territory represents itself as indivisible nature complex, which often names proudly the Great Altai. Last years, this name people became to include in the part of Altai mountains in the region of Kazakhstan, China and Mongolia. In 1998 year the unit territory of Altai - “the Golden mountains” was included in the list of World Heritage Site.
Water resources of the Altai territory are presented by surface and subterranean water. The main rivers are: Ob, Biya, Katun, Aley, Charysh. The total surface flow of the rivers comprise 53,5 cubic km. per year. The major waterway of Altai - the Ob river - has length of 493 km. in the Altai territory.
Altai represents itself as a vast virgin territory. Here is the wonderful Telezkoe lake, one of the deepest lake in the Earth. The highest top of Altai is Belukha mountain, it is the wish object for many mountain climbers all over the world. The river Ob originates from here, it's one of the biggest river in the world. There is the highest waterfall in Russia in Gorno-Altaysk. Its water is ecologically the purest one among other.
Belokurikha is one of the most well-known Siberian health resorts. Also it is one of the largest balneological resorts in Russia. Health resort is located in Altay region, 250 kms southwards Barnaul and 65 kms from Biysk, at the foothills of the Altay mountains elevated 240-250 m. above the sea level, in the valley of the Belokurikha mountain river at foothills of the Tserkovka mountain. Glorious due to the unique radon hot wells and magnificent nature.
The main riches of Belokurikha - thermal water with unique chemical and curative properties.
Indications for treatment: cardiovascular system diseases, nervous system, endocrine system diseases, metabolism and alimentary tract diseases, gynecologic, locomotorium, dermatic diseases.
Altai is a Motherland of Russian cosmonaut German Titov and famous poet Robert Rozhdestvensky. Nikolay Rerich creates here his wonderful works. Here were organized a reserved museum in the name of Vasiliy Shishkin.
Siberia is a mysterious land, keeping the traces of ancient civilizations and untouched nature alive. The human being and the nature elements - fire, air, earth, and water - interlace in harmony with the landscape of this great country. It is so strong that you feel the invisible power in every rustle of the tree leaves, in every capful of wind, in the shaman's movement during his rituals at the fireplace, in the ringing silence of the Khakassian Steppes, in the fascinating rhythm of the monks´ voices in the Buddhist temple, and in the majestic running of the main vital water-way of the ancient earth - Yenissey - the ancient wisdom of the world.
The Altai is not simply mountains, forests, rivers and waterfalls, but also a living spirit. The lakes are its eyes that gaze into the Universe. The waterfalls and rivers are its speech and songs about life and the beauty of the Earth and mountains. The Altai theme is very much in evidence in folk songs, legends, shaman mysteries and the rites and cults of the Altai people.
The people of this region, sometimes referred to as Siberia's "No-Man's Land", led a nomadic life.
Their journeys of discovery have led them to know and cherish their landscape and hold it as a sacred part of life in their community. As the people evolved from the beginning of times, even through occupation and integration, these values have been treasured and kept by guardians and elders to the point where today where they can be freely shared and honoured by indiginous and visitor alike.