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Home page / Regions / Krasnodar krai / Novorossiysk

Novorossiysk

History

The nature neatly added a spacious and deep bay, which acquired name Tsemesskaya, to the Black sea coast. High mountains, surrounding the bay, formed in this place a gigantic amphitheater, in the center of which a wide valley with a small river spread. A settlement on the picturesque shores of Tsemesskaya bay had been created by various peoples for thousands years. Abundant shores keep memory about an ancient Creek town Bata, about Genoese colony Kalos Limen, Turkish fortress Sudzhuk-Kale, and at last about fortification Tsemesskoe, which in 1839 acquired name Novorossiysk. In 1839 the Black sea coastline was separated into two parts.
Rear-admiral L. M. Serebryakov was appointed to command the first section with the center in Novorossiysk.

The first stage of development of the city is connected with the name of this man. As a matter of fact he became a father-founder of Novorossiysk. The first time when Serebryakov landed was during assault of Sudzhuk-Kale. In 1828 with squadron of A. S. Greig he participated in capture of Anapa, after which followed diplomatic service and traveling in Turkey and Egypt with ambassadorial mission. Serebryakov participated in expeditions in Novotroitskoe and Mikhailovskoe fortresses and also in the landing operations of the Black sea fleet in 1838. Under him during 10 years Novorossiysk had turned from a military lager into a city. The admiral opened here a hospital, a free school for children of mountain dwellers. He was an initiator of founding a city public library.

After the Crimean war by Serebryakovs insistence Novorossiysk was restored as a city and a commercial port and gradually turned into a capital of the district. So unhurriedly Novorossiysk had been developing till the 80-s of 19 century.
In 1879 professor of Chemistry Kuchera discovered the richest deposits of marl a raw for producing of cement. It is incredible but fact: Novorossiysk is the only place in the whole Russia where there is marl, good for getting of qualitative Portland cement. Besides that qualitative lithographic punches can be produced of local stone, extracted in Bavaria. At the end of 1879 American businessman Tvedl came to Kuban by Mendeleevs invitation for organization of oil business. Having managed to attract investments of French industrialist, Tvedl established joint-stock company Russian standard, bought a dale, siding with the sea and began building of a berth and an oil refinery. Gradually sprang up industrial area of Novorossiysk French town, French colony Standard, which has kept its name to our time. And Tvedle, who had been caught stealing state kerosene and bought its share in the company, left Russia in 1883.
The rail road (1888) connected Novorossiysk with the center of the country. Novorossiysk port (1886) became one of the largest on the coast. The main products which were exported by sea were grain, timber, cement, oil. Even the economic crisis (1891) didnt influence on temps of the urbanization. On the contrary, only owing to it building of grandiose high way Novorossiysk Sukhumi began. The way, acquired name Golodnaya (Hungry), was built in record-breaking time and livened up the whole economic of the region.

In 1894 joint-stock company Vladimir railroad", which had built the railroad and the port, opened an elevator, the first in Russia and the largest in Europe. A powerful electric power station was constructed in complex with it. It was the first electric power station in Russia, producing three-phase current by machines, invented by Russian employee of firm Siemens O. I. Dolivo-Dobrovolsky. By its power the Novorossiysk elevator yielded only to Chicago one, and in level of mechanization excelled it.
After 30 years of existence, in 1896 Black sea district is separated into the smallest independent Russian empire, Black sea province. Novorossiysk, Veljaminovsk (Tuapsinsk), Sochi districts were formed as parts of it. Only city Novorossiysk became the center of the province. The new status gave a new impulse in the development of not only industrial but also cultural and also resort center.
A national of Turkey Seraphimov opened the first swimming bathes in the city, and Gutsman the first permanent nickelodeon (1897) in Russia. A wonderful theater, which was bought in modernist style (hasnt been kept to our days) was opened in the city park (1913). More and more health-resort visitors came in Novorossiysk by railroad. Rails were laid to the berth specially for them. Now passengers of Black sea express could transfer from carriages into a ship board, carrying them in all Black sea ports.
Novorossiysk was strongly destroyed as the result of operations during the revolution and the Civil war. Plants and factories didnt work, people were lack of food, the port didnt work. Gradually municipal economy revived. People began to return home. Population increased. For 5 years it became 44 thousand people more. Before 1936 on the whole length of the coastline of Novorossiysk there was no meter of improved land. The quay served trading and transport purposes. By the beginning of the war it was managed to build a part of the quay, length of which made up about 2 km. The city gradually turned not only into industrial but also cultural center.
Since the first days of the Second World the city became an arena of cruel battles. Novorossiysk became a unassailable fortress on the way of the aggressors army, striving to Caucasus. In autumn of 1942 Germen reached the shores of Tsemesskaya quay, captured the city and came up to factory October. They didnt manage to go father. Moreover during battles no German ship managed to moor in Tsemesskaya quay. An insuperable firing line was formed in the area of cement works on the way to Gelendzhik, in the eastern outskirts of the city.
Defense of Novorossiysk, the heroic 225-day epopee of defenders of the Legendary Malaya Land, the desperate landing and liberation of the city on the 16th of September of 1943 became key military operations in the battle for Caucasus. For the time of the battles Novorossiysk was fully destroyed. It was necessary to rebuild the city. An author of new Novorossiysk became architect Iophan. A semi-centennial after-war history turned Novorossiysk into the largest port of the south of Russia.

Lack of water is one of problems of the city which had been particular actual right till 1971. Shores of the Tsemesskaya quay doesnt abound in springs. And water is necessary for all. Water was carried in Novorossiysk by tankers. In the morning housewives lined up in huge line. Later by method of peoples building it was managed to extend a water-pipe. Citizens joy was so large that they erected a fountain-monument at once. It was called Gifting water. A girl on bended knees stood and stretched out her palms full of water near square of Heroes on the quay, just at the place, where people had to stand in huge lines. Unfortunately the fountain hasnt been kept to our days. The city became to abound in so much water and of so excellent quality that Novorossiysk became the first city in the USSR in which company Pepsico built a factory on bottling of pepsi-cola.
A vineyard was laid out round the city. In autumn one could regale oneself with very good harvest of grape for table use. Aromatized special wines are produced of local wine material in Novorossiysk winery.
Central areas of the city are situated on the rocky strongholds of soil. For planting trees it is necessary at first to break a rock and make light firm soil, which is called here peas, take out the whole mass to the dump, then bring fertile soil and only then plant trees. And one has to protect young plants against bora for several years. Bora is a severe north-east wind. It was so strong that pulls up trees by the roots and blows off roofs of houses. If one manages to solve the problem of bora climate of Novorossiysk would approximate to the climate of Sochi, but there is no solution yet.
Though a hundred years ago Russian geographer Wrangler suggested to dig a tunnel in the ridge of Markhot for the cold air doesnt accumulate on its northern tops and can gradually stream down to the sea. Modern scientists think that digging of one or several tunnels will take very many years. Despite all difficulties Novorossiysk is a green city. Numerous squares and parks were laid out in it, a beautiful quay was built. Thought the city is rather industrial than resort one, the city beach is equipped very well.

It is better to come in Novorossiysk for excursions when you are tired of rest in the resort and want to plunge into the atmosphere of the real port city and see numerous sights of the city-hero.


All articles of this section:

Suburbs of Novorossiysk
Novorossiysk is an industrial city but around it there are several wonderful resort places. They are the Southern Ozerevka, Shirokaya Balka, Abrao-Dyurso. These coastal settlements have a very ancient history.
hits: 1631

Sights of Novorossiysk
City Novorossiysk is quite neatly divided into the western and eastern part. The western part is residential, the eastern one is industrial. Inhabitants call the western part this side, and the eastern one that side, so it has been historically accepted since times of Standart.
hits: 3997



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[2017-06-20 10:08:29]
Как вернуть себе нормальную потенцию

Страх — это наверное последнее чувство, что способен ощущать современный мужчина, но это не всегда правдиво. Не смотря на то, что парни и мужчины практически ничего не боятся, есть одна горячая тема, которую мужики предпочитают не упоминать совсем! Речь ведется о мужской интимной силе, одна лишь мысль о ослаблении которой сумеет припугнуть любого, даже самого бесстрашного мужчину. Отвратительная экологическая обстановка, не сбалансированное питание и другие факторы никак не поспособствуют усилению здоровья мужчины. О том как избежать неуклонного ослабления потенции мы будем говорить в нашей сегодняшней публикации. Статья написана по материалам интернет-сайта via-sexgra.ru

Основным врагом нормальной эрекции являются вредные привычки. По данным западных исследователей, курящие мужики занимаются сексом ориентировочно в 2 раза меньше тех, кто не курит. Табак способствует заметному снижению содержания тестостерона, это уже было проверено сотнями исследования. А чтобы негативный эффект начал проявляться, достаточно скуривать даже 1 сигарету в сутки. Резко отрицательно сказывается на силе потенции и алкоголь. Если потреблять по 50 грамм крепкого спиртного каждый день, то спустя три года о сильной эрекции можно забыть.

Ещё одним врагом нормальной мужской эрекции считается малоподвижный стиль жизни. От долгого и частого сидения наблюдается застой крови в капиллярах малого таза, что и считается прямой причиной снижения либидо. Для профилактики этого состояния придется заниматься физкультурой не менее 9 часов за неделю. Полезно будет также временами отказаться от своей машины или общественного транспорта и отправиться на своим ходом. Занятия физкультурой очень благотворно влияют на мужское здоровье, отметить первые позитивные результаты можно уже через полтора месяца активных занятий.

Специальное питание может вернуть потенцию за несколько недель, вы можете купить босс роял виагра в москве дешево в оптеке или просто потреблять натуральные продукты, что хорошо действую на потенцию. Чтобы быть здоровым и сильным в сексе, мужчине надо потреблять не менее 100 грамм свежих овощей и фруктов в день, а вот красное мясо и излишне жирная еда способны снизить уровень мужского гормона в крови. По данным докторов около 90 процентов парней питаются неправильно, примерно у двадцати процентов из них есть определённые проблемы с потенцией!
[2014-05-10 15:33:45]
hi i will visit Novorossiysk next month for some work ...so i need a translator and guide stay with me all the time ...better for me she's a girl and driving ..you can help me and how much will cost me ...thanks
[2010-09-25 10:45:42]
HI
I portage enjoyment.

Thankyou , good luck .



     
 
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