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Moscow Parks

Vorobjevi gory

In Middle Ages was settled there a village Voribjevo, from there appeared its name. In time USSR Vorobjevi gory was named as "Leninskie" In 1949-1953 year at the region of Vorobjevi gori was built a buildings complex of Moscow State University with a sight area, from where you can admire to wonderful panorama of capital. In light haze shine towers and cupola, to the right there is Neskuchniy garden, to the left-Novodevichiy monastery. Many changes were happen at the present days, but the sight area on Vorobjevi gori stay one of the popular places for citizens and moscow guests. On Vorobjevi gori there are ski jump and prepared ski slope with seats lift.
 From Vorobjevi gory you can see without any difficulties Neskuchniy garden, which is connected with Central Park of culture. About its centennial history remind of old pavilions, sculptural groups and architecture. It is the ancient park of the capital, place of classic Moscow, place for lonely walking, where you can look aside from rhythm of megapolis. And only "Okhotnichiy house" return us "to present day"- from that place the transmission quiz "What? Where? When? are led.
Go to station Sportivnaya by metro. From the exit turn to the right and in 10 minutes of unhurried walk youll find yourself at the walls of Novodevichiy convent(created by Vasiliy III in 1524)- the most notable place inthe architecture of Novodevichiy convent is a Cathedral icon Smolensk God's Mother "Odigitriya"-monumental five-headed temple. During patriotic war in 1812 year, there was french army. After the revolution 1917, this convent was a museum, in 1934 year was a part of State Historic museum. In 1980 there was placed the residence of metropolitan Krutizkiy and Kolomenskiy. And only in 1994 year there was set up a women convent,on its territory placed necropolis. Behind south wall of convent there is the main territory of Novodevichiy convent. It includes to the list of UNESCO. Novodevichiy convent is one of the ancient and beautiful Russian cloister.
On its territory you may see the interesting sun watch, the old soldier's guns, and also beautiful garden. Glorious world Novodevichih pounds-is a large territory, which is meant for relaxation and way of spending time. A true oasis of pure air and silent.

Tsaritsino

It is the most biggest moscow reserve museum and wonderful historic monument of culture XVII-XIX cent. Reserve Museum Tsarisino is a multiple-discipline institution, where work constantly changed expositions.  Work days : Wednesday-Sunday at 11 a.m. To 18 p.m.  
The greatest mystery of Tsaritsino is Big palace, in which nobody has ever lived. Its building began in 1775 by order of Catherine II. The empress had never got tired of admiring the idyllic nature. For 10 years Bazhenov was engaged in erection of tsars residence, but didnt find monarchic thanks: Catherine, had hardly glanced at tsars ensemble, became so angry that ordered to demolish all constructions. Mikhail Kazakovs attempt to rebuild the Big palace hadnt met with success.
After Catherines death unclaimed emperors residence began ruining. And then something unforeseen happened Moscowers grew fond of the ensemble, condemned by the tsarina. May be owing to the richest décor, created by Bazhenov, buildings, which have been kept to our days, look so alive, that they have many mysteries.
Stars, kokoshniks, rates, made of white stone on red brick, add to architectural fantasies of the architecture  unique peculiarity.  Tsaritsino is attractive as unfinished book, - longs for thinking out own variant of denouement! For holidays fiery fountains of fireworks light up the palaces with fabulous light.
How pleasure to walk to Tsarisin park! It stand on steep slope with deep trees. From there on several kilometres stretch out great alley  with convenient paths, bridges, arbours. There are a wonderful pound with funnies ducks, ducking and twisting their tails, they run to whom gives them       a slice of bread . Not forget to take with you a bread and see how pleasure to feed them.   


Gorkys park
 

In 1932 the park was called after the name of M. Gorky. The park represents a united green massive of over 60 kinds of trees. Dominate lime, elm, ash, oak, maple, birch, willow and others. In the central part of the park grey nut-tree and walnut-tree, chestnut, bird cherry tree Maaka are found. Rosarium, flower gardens, decorative reservoirs.
The park is situated along the bank of the Moskva-river; the park zone is of 7 km length. Here there are many open areas with lawns, flower-beds, sculptures, fountain. The central place in the parterre is occupied with a pool (its square is over 5,000 m) with slightly uplifted figured platform, onto which bridges-passages led. To the left and to the right from central alleys are shady gardens. In the eastern part is the territory of side-shows, behind which childrens town is situated. In the western part a pavilion, pavilion of culture and Green theater (1928, reconstruction 1957, architecture is J. N. Sheverdyaev). Holidays of New Year fir-tree, skating rinks, schools of figure skating work; in summer landing stage in the Moskva-river works; there is hire of boats.

Alexandrovsky garden

One of the first public gardens of Russia. It is situated in the center of Moscow, on the slope of Borovitsky knoll, along the western wall of the Kremlin. Consists of three gardens, leading down to the Moskva-river: Upper from square of Revolution to Troitsky gates (length is 350 m, opened in 1821), Middle from Troitsky to Borovitsky gates (length is 382 m, opened in 1822) and Low from Borovitsky gates to Kremlevskaya quay (length is 132 m, opened in 1823).
The base of the planning is three alleys, parallel to the Kremlin wall. Numerous lime-trees, maples, blue spruces, decorative bushes (lilac, jasmine, bird cherry tree, acacia, hawthorn). Flower-beds of tulips and roses are laid. An oak of 200 has been kept.
Wonderful cast-iron gates and a fence from the side of square of Revolution symbolize the victory over Napoleon in the Patriotic war of 1812 (architecture E. Paskal); from the side of Manege the garden is fenced with forged grilles (architecture P. M. Shestakov). Under the Middle Arsenalny tower of the Kremlin grotto Ruins (1841, architecture Bove), in which an orchestra played, was built.


Losiniy island (Elk island)

The first russian national park is created by initiative of scientific nature protect community. National park Losiniy island (Elk island) is situated on the square of 10144 ha in the north-east part of Moscow (one thirds of the territory) and its parkland zone (two thirds of the territory). It is one of the popular rest place for citizens and guests of the capital.

Losinii island- is a unique nature complex, a various museum, where gathered variety of plants and animals world of Near Moscow. Forest planting haven't been stopped during The World War II.
The history of this forest massive is connected, first of all, with the great princes hunts in Russia, especially with the name of tsar Alexei Mikhailovitch Romanov. Just in the years of his ruling (1629-1676) in Sokolnicheskaya grove, the southern extremity of Losiniy island, falcons yard, where people studied skill of hunting for hunting birds.
The territory of Losiniy island is drained with a system of rivers, springs and narrows with rather shallow plains. The main channel is the Yauza river of 36 km length and 450 km of total area of drainage basin. Besides Yauza within the National park its confluents the river Budaika (formerly Bugaika) and also the river Pehorka flow. Unfortunately lately one can say about the Yauza river that it is practically in very grave ecological condition, which is irreversible.
The fauna of Losiniy island is represented by over 230 species of vertebrates, including over 160 species of birds, 38 species of mammalians; fishes are represented by 15 species and reptiles by 5. The faunistic complex of National park is formed of combination of west-european elements forming the primary part of its population and taiga kinds, peculiar to coniferous (mostly spruce) forests. Representatives of the European fauna are hazel mouse, bank vole, wood mouse and many others. Taiga elements are bullfinch, three-toed woodpecker, mountain hare and so on.
The island is interesting also by historical and cultural sights. Archeological researches discovered barrows of IX-XI centuries, ancient settlements. The archeological dig in Alexeevskaya grove, where remains of the palace of XVII century were found, was sensational. And the history of Mitischenskaya water-pumping station is closely connected with settling of the first in Russia water-flowing water-pipe dating to the time of Catherine II. Formerly in these areas a chapel was situated on the famous Gromovoi spring, the most abundant spring of water for the capital.
There are train-ecological games and excursion on base of National Park. 


Park Sokolniki

Sokolniki- is a unique complex of park, nature and national culture, garden-park monument of art.
Sokolniki is one of the oldest parks of Moscow.
 In XV-XVI cent. the great tsar falcon hunting was developed. Tsar Peter the Great didn't like hunting, but could for a long time sit among pine-trees of Sokolinoy grove.
There were outstanding artist A.K Karasev, I.I. Levitan, I.I. Shishkin, they devoted to Sakolniki their works. P.I. Tchyakovsky often came there, F.I. Shalyapin take the concerts there too. Some interesting facts from biography of Mayakovsky was connected to Sakolniki .  
Park has a square almost 600 hectare( it is double twice more than the territory of Hyde Park in London) was opened in 1931 year on territory of old Sokolnoy grove.
Still it is the loved place for citizens.
Rich nature of Sokolniki is famed for rosarium. At guests service concert artists, side-shows, billiards, sport area, tennis-courts, in winter ski traces and skating rink. Here are opened The House of child's creative work, cultural-exhibition center-on its territory carry out russian and international exhibition.
People call Sakolniki Moscow pearl

Poklonnaya Gora

You ask yourself-why the hill have such unusual name? Once Poklonnaya hill was placed far from Moscow, and from its peak was opened a panorama of the city. Travels are often stayed there in odr to bow low to this hill and look at Moscow. Some time the hill was called Poklonnaya on Smolensk road. Napoleon was waited for delivery of Moscow key, as is well known, couldn't wait. Crossing by  Poklonnaya hill went russian soldiers to defend from the enemy army during the World War II.
On 23 February 1958 year was placed mountain's sign on Poklonnaya hill. On 9 May 1995 was the unveiling of memorial complex.
The memorial complex include itself the central museum of the World War II, monument of Victory, and three temples (Saint Georgy Pobedonosez Temple, Memorial  mosque, Memorial synagogue). The central museum of the World War II is placed on round square of Pobediteley.
You should see the exhibition of military equipments, you can to touch its exhibit.
Let's go to the park with wide alleys! You see it is the biggest flower watch in the world. Its minute hand is 4,5 m in length.

Botanical garden

The main botanical garden of Russian Academy of Sciences a unique establishment, where several generations of research workers and gardeners collected the richest collection of plants, representing manifold plant world of the Earth. The official date of foundation the Main Botanical Garden is considered to be April, 14, 1945.
In the Botanical garden all important expositions were built and collection lots were made. In the Stock greenhouse one of the largest in Europe collection of tropical and subtropical plants, counting about 5300 kinds and forms. In the eastern part of the Garden, siding with All-Russian exhibition center, an exposition of European part of Russia, Siberia, Far East tropical and subtropical flora is situated.
In the expositions plants of tundra, various types of forests (dark coniferous, light coniferous, deciduous, mixed coniferous-broad-leaved and other), meadows, including alpine and subalpine, steppes, deserts in total over 2000 kinds, 300 kinds of which are rare and vanishing species. At the reservoirs and channels water-resistant plants are grouped.
On the artificial little hills, different in size and form, plant groups of altitudinal belts of various botanical and geographical regions are set. Collection lots of flower and decorative plants are located on the territory, closed for visiting. These collections serve as bases for introduction researches.
One of the most beautiful and attended expositions Rosarium is being reconstructed now. Exposition Rokariy is being also reconstructed.

Arboretum is the largest exposition of the Garden, spreading for the area of 75 ha. Among trees and bushes there are numerous migrants from various areas of our country, and also of other countries and continents Western Europe, Japan, China, Northern America.
The arboretum is built as a landscape park, however plants in it adjoin by principle of systematic cognation. On one glade one can see a group of species close to each other, originated from different nooks of the Earth but belonging to one and the same genus.
The stock greenhouse (built in 1954) represents the unique combination of live museum of tropical and subtropical plants, available for a wide circle of visitors. The greenhouse is a depository of live collections, originally got from botanical gardens of Germany and supplemented in the result of interchange and purchases in different botanical establishments of the whole Earth, and also collected by research workers of the Main Botanical Garden during expeditions in various tropical regions (Vietnam, Madagascar, India, Cuba, Brazil and others). The stock greenhouse is also a depository of rare and vanishing species of plants. Over a hundred species of its collection are entered into the International Red book.
The Garden was rewarded with international and national prizes and diplomas. 

Izmailovsky park

Izmailovsky park is situated in eastern part of Moscow. It is one of the biggest capital park. It consist of two parts: Izmailovsky culture park and Izmailosky forest park, which are divided by The Main alley.
This park was created by the decision of Mossovet in 1930 year and rapidly became one of the best parks in USSR.
In winter you may visit a skate rink Silver ice and skis pension with big ice-run and horse-gears. And summer you may visit different attractions.
On the territory of nature-historic park remained architectural monuments XVII cent.: five-headed cathedral and Bridge tower(1671). Among notable construction of Izmailovo are the gate, which served as enters to the territory of tsar's house.
Sights of this park are the lime-tree and oak forests. Here you can see lily of valley, yellow iris, wild animals and different birds
Within limits of forest massive there are 13 ponds, among them Lebedyanskiy is the biggest one.
Architectors say, that the light opens people eyes to the architecture. You should visit the History museum of state lightening Moscow fires



     
 
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