Chelyabinsk as a watch fortress on the path leading from Zauralya to Orenbung
was founded on September 9, 1736 on the bank of the river Miass.
Since 1743 it has been the center of a great Eset Province. Before
1781 Chelyabinsk represented a military settlement where Cossacks lived. Before
1917 Chelyabinsk was a quite small and not really notable chief town of Orenburg
Territory. When the building of Samaro-Zlatousk rail road had been completed and
a railroad way from Moscow to Chelyabinsk was opened the city became more
Within the shot period of time Chelyabinsk became one of the largest
market towns in Russia and one of the country leaders in trading bread, butter,
meat and tea. In 1896 the railroad to Ekaterinburg was put into operation. In
some years the population increased several times. A lot of villages arose
around the city and so the total area became three times larger. Chelyabinsk
became an important transitional point, a so-called Siberian gate.
Industry and education began to develop like a shot. Female gymnasium,
non-classical, religious secondary schools and market school were opened.
People's House and Club of railroad meetings were built. The thirties of the
twentieth century . Such new words as «pyatiletka»[five-year plan], «bastion of
industry», «udarniki»[shock workers], «Stakhanovites» could have been read more
and more often on the pages of central and local issues. For Chelyabinsk it was
the time of commercial changes, the time of the industrial march of
enthusiasts. On September 15, 1930 Chelyabinsk state district
power station was set going. During the Great Patriotic War Chelyabinsk played
an important role as a rearward city. In that period Ural was a real support for
Soviet army. A large number of fabrics were evacuated there from the central
part of the country. Chelyabinsk is the place where world-known «Katyusha» and
tanks T-34 were produced.
In postwar years Chelyabinsk was keeping on growing up. Cultural life of the
city underwent great changes. New cinemas, museums, educational institutions and
also cultural and organisations of art were opened. For almost three centuries
the population of Chelyabinsk became 1080 times more. And if the first its
inhabitants were Cossacks so by XXI century the representatives of nearly
hundred nationalities live there. The population of the city forms 1 148 000.
In 1934 Chelyabinsk got the status of the center of Chelyabinsk region, the
largest industrial, cultural, and scientific center of the South Ural. And it
remains to be the same.
The industry is presented by the largest city factories: metallurgic,
tractor, electrode producing and tube rolling ones. There are some enterprises
of chemical, light and food industry in Chelyabinsk. Seven institutions of
Higher Education are located in the city. They are South Ural State University,
Chelyabinsk State University, Agro-engineering and Pedagogical Universities,
Medical institution, Institution of Culture and Art and Institution of Physical
Education. People in Chelyabinsk have the opportunity to visit 5 state and
4 municipal theatres, an art gallery, Philharmonic Hall, an organ hall, a
circus, a few museums and 19 cinemas. There is also a municipal jazz center, the
center of modern arts, some TV and radio stations. Chelyabinsk is famous for its
cultural and natural wealth.
All articles of this section:
Sights of Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk Region Picture Gallery
The gallery presents the Art museum of the universal classical type in terms of its character and the content of its collection and activity.
The collection of the Picture gallery comprises more than 11 thousand of pieces of painting, sculpture, drawing, decorative and applied arts and crafts including house architectural wooden carving of old Chelyabinsk
dis was no help at al to me, i ned to now the sites in dis sity but u jist sayed the histerie