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The Moscow-river

The Moscow river is left tributary of the Oka, its length reaches 502 km, area is 17600 km2. Its width in the head (near the Oka) varies from two to ten meters, within the boundaries of Moscow and lower it makes up about 100 m, and its depth doesnt exceed 6 m. 92 confluents flow into the Moscow-river, and they themselves feed on the huge number of rivers, brooks, springs. 362 rivers and about 550 brooks join the Moscow-river.

The beginning of the Moscow river is near a village of Sarkovo of the Uvarsky district, it likes on the small stream in the big mire, which is called sometimes as Moskvorezkaya pool. Probably, at this places before was an ice lake. This lake became gradually shallow, was overgrown with mosses and sedges, turned in the mire, nevertheless it gave birth to the river.
At a distance of half kilometer from the head of mire's pit, surrounded brushwoods of sedges, the river becomes smaller, and the river bed is appeared. After the river is flowed, purling, along  large detritus and brings its current over forests, hills and bogs, acquiring fullness and power.

The Mozhaisk reservoir was appeared in 1960-62 years,before was buila a dam near a village Marphin Brod at a distance of 4 km from the north west from town Mozhisk. It area makes up 31 km2, length 47 km, the biggest width 3,5 km. On the part from Mozhaisk to Zvenigorod, a valley of the Moscow river cuts thicknesses of limestones. This valley is less tortuous here, its turns  are less steep.

On the high washed banks of the river come often landslides. Parts of land slip down with grass and  bushes. On the slided slopes, trees stands aslant, forming such called Tipsy forest. The picturesque river Istra is the largest tributary, flowing into the Moscow river. Its upper reaches riverhead  was damed in 1934 year. Istra reservoir is one of the largest reservoirs in the territory of Moscow region. Its area is 3,8 km2, length 24 km and depth reaches 23 metres. This reservoir nourishes the river and sates the river with water. On the territory of the Moscow river there are such towns as: Mozhaisk, Zvenigorod, Krasnogorsk, Dzherzhinsk, Zhukovsky, Ramenskoe, Bronnitsi, Voskresensk, Kolomna.

In the range of Moscow

In the range of Moscow the Moscow river enters on the north west, in the district of Strogino, at a distance of 320 km from mouth of the river and finishes on the south east, crossing MKAD (Moscow circle auto road) near Besedibsky bridge. The valley of the river is well cultivated and has a three above the flood plain terraces. A big tortuosity of the river ( four big, partially cut in curves near Silver boron, Phily Kunzevsky woodland park, in the district of Krasnopresenskoy and Luzhnezkoy quays) not only increases its extension, but also creates a special picturesqueness of its valley. Contrast of high washed of the left bank and low lying of the right bank of the territory of behind the Moscow river, and also the Kremlin, towered on Borovitsky hill, give the territory a memorable look.

Within the precincts of a town the river takes about 70 tributaries. Many rivers of the Moscow river are confined in tubings or covered, and only Yauza, turned and framed by stone quays, crosses the city. In the lower territory of the Moscow the river is tortuous. In 1937 year many curves were straightened, and water way is much shorten. At the lower flow it runs along old pre ice valley: here tributaries are less, than in upper territories. The most largest of them are: Pakhra, severka, Pekhorka, Gzhelka and Nerskaya.

Water is a life of the city

Water tower, built in XVII on the Moscow river, which was burned in 1731 year. In the beginning of XIX cent. was started Mtischi water tower. Water from the springs are gathered into a basin. From that place it currents in Samotezky pond, and there it was brocken by water carriers. At this channel the water was dirty, the necessity of the water is grown, as a danger of epidemic.

In the middle of XIX cent. the situation was changed thanks to construction of two water pump station, given the water into the city, improvement of Mtischi water supply system into the city, and  the beginning of XX century a dam building on the Moscow river, near a village Rublevo was set
the settings, filters, pured the water. And the water supply system gave the city the pured water.

After building of the channel of Moscow the city is supplied with the Volga water, which is preliminary purified in the pump-refinery stations. Now by the level of water consumption our capital occupies on of the first places in the world. At present hydroelectric power station operate in the Moscow-river. Large hydroelectric power stations in the Istra, the Khimka and the Moscow-river were built in 1936-1937.

Cruises and walks by river

When spring comes, the favourite kind of transport for many people is alived water bus. The motor ship Moskva is often used. Cruises by this motor ship conquered people hearts not only of the capital of Russia, but also other people, who comes here form various cities.
Water bus allows to examine the best views for short time, make unique photos of different historical monuments of architecture and beautiful landscapes of Moscow.

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