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Excursions about Russia

Russia has a huge potential both for development of domestic travel and admitting of foreign travelers. It has all what is necessary a huge territory, rich historical and cultural heritage, and in some regions the primeval, wild nature. Russia has great variety of tourist routes. Here are some of them. They will help you to keep your head and not to miss anything interesting.

Geographical and climatic peculiarities of Russia

Russia is an unusual country, attracting many people by its spaces. Here there is something to be seen and visited: they are city-museum Saint-Petersburg and imposing capital Moscow, snow-white mountains of Caucasian and hot resorts of Krasnodar krai, boundless expanses of Siberia and the enigmatic Far East.

The territory of Russia occupies a part of the Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. Landscapes of Russia owing to its scales are various from bogs to arid steppes and barren-grounds tundra. A considerable part of Russian territory is covered with tundra and taiga and more than 60% of the territory is permafrost. Three fourth of Russian territory is occupied by plains.

Mountain relief prevails in the east and the south of the country. Caucasian mountains are situated in the south of European part. In Russia there are about 120 thousand rivers, length of which is more than 10 km. Rivers of Russia belong to basins of three oceans: the Arctic, the Pacific and the Atlantic oceans. Russia is a country of lakes. Their total number saline and fresh is about 2 million. The great part of Russia lies in temperate climatic zone. The north of the country and a part of continental areas is situated in arctic and subarctic zones, the south The Black Sea coast of Caucasus is in the subtropics.

Religions and peoples of Russia

Constant population of Russia is 132 million people. They make up more than 100 nationalities, speaking in their own languages. Russian is a state language and is used everywhere. At the same time a language and dialects of this or that people are widely used, the national press is issued, schools, teaching native language, work in the places of compact habitation of it. Russians profess Christianity (Orthodoxy, Catholicism, Protestantism), Islam, Buddhism, Judaism. At present time each confession freely profess its religion, believers may visit Orthodox churches, Catholic churches, mosques, synagogues, Buddhist temples and datsans.
On the territory of Russia there are very many interesting, beautiful temples, monasteries, Roman-Catholic churches, mosques, datsans. They are like are a piece of the ancient history. Lets looks at some of them.

Among them is temple of Christ the Savior in Moscow. Interior of the temple corresponds to external grandeur. Height of the inner space is 79 m, the average area of frescos is more than 22 thousand sq m. The main sacred things of the temple are an icon of the Nativity of Christ, which was brought by Apostolic Patriarchy Alexis from Bethlehem, six original restored canvases of painter V. P. Vereschagin and an original throne of Apostolic Patriarchy Tikhon in the principal altar.

An upper part of the gallery, framing a principal, refectory part of the temple is a loft. Only small excursion groups may visit the loft. In the southern wing of the lofty there is a temple for the sake of Nicholas, a protector of emperor Nicholas, under whom building of the first temple began. A side-chapel in the northern wing is devoted to Saint Blessed Prince Alexander Nevski, a protector of Alexander I, who vowed to erect a temple to the Savior, Alexander II, who had been building this temple during 25 years, Alexander III, who consecrated the temple.

Ensemble of Balaam monastery, which was founded in 14 century.

The monastery was famous for its severe regulations because it was often used as a prison. Spaso-Preobrazhensky cathedral, a belfry, a gate church of Peter and Paul, Uspenskaya church, a hotel, horsy and water-supply houses, constructions of White and Red cells.

Ivolga Datsan is a center of Spiritual Administration of Buddhists of Russia and its head Bandido-khambolama. The principle religious building, the main temple of the datsan, was built and consecrated in 1972. The most esteemed and sacred statue to Buddha in a pose, which call the Earth to be a witness, occupies central position in the temple. 16 devotees are depicted around the statue. Lower Buddhas statue there is a portrait and a throne of Dalai Lama XIV, on which nobody has right to sit. Religious ceremonies are conducted in Tibetan.

Azimov mosque

Azimov mosque was erected in 1810. A one-storied wooden mosque without a minaret, which had existed till 1851, was built then. One of the richest merchants of the parish, a head of Tatar city hall Mustapha Nasirovitch Azimov (1780-1865) built a new wooden mosque with a minaret in its place. One of the best mosques in Kazan.

Natural monuments of Russia

The nature of Russia is unique. A present time on the territory of the Russian Federation there about 2,000 officially registered state monuments of the nature. In each nook of Russia there is its own pearl. In the north of the Astrakhan region, at the border with Kazakhstan there is a unique Baskunchak lake one of the largest deposits of salt in the world. From far away it seems as if the steppe is covered with a crust of ice. Local salt has strange names: granatka (pomegranate), glazok (eye), tchugunka. Here one can find a real masterpiece an old boot of salt. Healing peloid lies under the salt. The salty crust occupies much larger area than the lake itself and a land, lack of plants, which extend a zone of salinization to the very horizon, begins behind it. Freakish grass, resembling cactus, comes out here and there. Perhaps only it is capable to stand such concentration of salt.

Near the lake there is another sight a mountain Bolshoe Bogdo. It is prominent against a steppe background. Its height is 152 m. The most amazing fact is that it grows, becoming 2 mm higher every year! Because of it Bogdo is called Growing mountain.

If you want to see a fragment of a paradise garden, come to Astrakhan from July to the middle of September it is a time of lotus flowering. Water fields are covered with wonderful flowers, exhaling delicate aroma. There is hardly another place in Russia where you may see such picture. Lotus blossoms in July beginning of August, and in September fetuses ripen tasty nutlets of lotus.

Baikal

Large and small rivers and brooks carry their water into the Baikal by rash streams, noisy waterfalls, cutting through cliffs. It is the deepest lake keeping one fifth part of world reserves of drinking water. And what water it is! Take a gulp, and it seems that that you power is doubled. Nature if Baikal is various from other region. On the south slope of mountains there are a coloured motley grass and deciduous taiga. In spring among green larches is grown a Dauri rhododendron. At the beginning of summer all steppes are turned into a plenty of growing plants, and look like as a large green carpet. Upper over slopes the taiga is changed into ceder grove. This region is rich of flora and fauna.

Valday

Forest and water beauty of earth - tells popular wisdom. In Valday, as no other region, this beauty of nature follows to a man anywhere. Mighty pines, thin green firs with sharp tops, refined birches, and beautiful asps are grown on the picturesque hills of Valday, that creates unusual landscape. Individual uniqueness are added by numerous rivers and lakes, they are more than 300. from these places many river are begun, all of them are full of fishes and crystal pure, one of them is rapid, another is quite. But each of them determine the prosperity of this large territory of all European part of Russia.

Siberian ceder

Siberian cedere is a beauty and national pride of Russia, it is a richness of our country, symbol of power, health and mighty, it is the symbol of stability and longevity. The first culture of Siberian ceder in European part of Russia was in XVI century, when was laid Tolgoskaya ceder grove near Yaroslavl, in 8 km from the town. This forest if beautiful in any season. Due to thick trees it is dark at the forest.

Kizhi

Archipelago of Kizi is interested as a monument of nature, history and architecture. Islands formed a complex and tangled labyrinth. Here one can see various landscapes, rocks and low shores, high grasses meadows and also tangle of water plants. Visit cart of the archipelago are sea gulls and morwennols. It also should mention  a unique monument of wooden architecture Kizhi ensemble.

Traveling over Russia

Zolotoe koltso of Russia Golden Circle of Russia

Rout over ancient towns of Central Russia, on the north west from Moscow gave a popularity as Golden Circle of Russia.
Towns of Golden Circle - is a vivid encyclopedia of Russian ancient architecture. Wonderful landscapes turned out not less exciting sight. On the picturesque banks of the Volga, numerous rivers and lakes there are many wonderful places for picnics. Zolotoe koltso is not only architecture, but also immersion in the atmosphere of a provincial town with its calm, non-vanity, peace. All towns live by particular life in their particular rhythm.
Many sights of Golden Circle are included in the fund of UNESCO.

Moscow and Moscow region

Moscow is a great capital of Russia Federation, the largest economical, political, scientific and cultural center of Russia.
Walking along the city is a pleasure. One can walk over the Red square, enter to the Kremlin, see the unique collection of the Diamond Fund, visit the best theatres and museums, admire bridges and fountains. Moscow is unique, it combines the rapid tempo of life in modern megalopolis and silent streets with beautiful parks.

Saint Petersburg

In order to see all sights palaces and parks, monuments and cathedrals, museums and theatres, channels with refined bridges and the quay of the Neva, one should be here no one week But one day in this city will be unforgettable. Everyone who comes here and opens his own Petersburg.

If you wish delight in art, you should go to the Hermitage Museum. On the first floor there are the works of ancient times. On the second floor you get in knightly hall, where you see armoury of middle age. You may also see Scythian's gold, diamonds shine in all items of famous jeweller from the East and the West Europe.
Having seen the monument of Copper Horseman, devoted to creator Peter the Great.

The Black sea coast and Caucasian mountains

The towns of the Black sea coast Anapa, Gelendzhik, Tuapse, Sochi and Adler attract not only lovers of beach rest, but also admirers of cognitive tourism.
There are little places where you can swimm at warm sea, than have a rest in subtropics, and skiing.
There are a lot of palms, thin cypress, you can meet ancient cultural monuments.

Kamchatka is a unique part of the Earth, where nature keeps itself in natural wild condition. Only here one can see the primitive landscapes and nature civilization. Kamchatka is a region of volcanoes, geysers and thermal springs. Natural resources of Kamchatka region are inimitable in its variety.

The Northern Russia

If one looks at the map , the north east of Vologda region seems far far nook, cut off from the large civilization. But in remote areas of Russia there are also many places, capable to surprise even worldly-wise travelers. On the bank of the river Sukhona at its junction with the Yug river, by radiant whiteness, as if the holiday of centuries, the Great Ustyug a miracle-city, a fairy tale and a song of the northern Russia, is seen.
The surrounding area represents a gently rolling plain. The right bank of the Sukhona river is low, flat, with a flood-lands terrace, width of which is up to three kilometers. The left bank is high, steep.




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Towns of Zolotoe Kolco are a vivid encyclopedia of Old-Russian architecture.

 
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